Challenge The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in a West African nation needed to strengthen security, reduce corruption, and improve delivery of agricultural vouchers to subsistence farmers. However, most of the target segment lived off-grid with neither mobile data nor electricity and possessed limited identity documentation.
Challenge A country in southwest Asia wanted to improve access to financial services for both citizens and for a significant refugee population. Concerns about inclusion and efficiency, along with the important role of cross-border remittances, indicated that digital financial services would offer the best solution. To enable the roll-out of DFS, the country’s central bank—backed financially and technically by two international development institutions—required the creation of an appropriate regulatory framework.